Quality of Service


Quality of Service functionality in Onedata is used to manage file replica distribution and redundancy between supporting Oneproviders. Users can define any number of QoS requirements for a file or directory. Each requirement consists of target replicas number and an expression that is used to select storages where the replicas should be placed ‐ it is matched against parameters that were assigned to storages by Oneprovider admins.

If required, data transfers are automatically triggered to satisfy the QoS requirements, and remote changes made to file content are automatically reconciled. File replicas corresponding to QoS requirements are protected from eviction.

Removing a QoS requirement does not automatically remove the replicas that were created during its lifetime, but they are no longer protected.

QoS parameters

QoS management is based on QoS parameters that are assigned to storages by Oneprovider admins. All parameters are in form key=value.

Each storage has implicit parameters representing its id and id of its Oneprovider: storageId=$STORAGE_ID and providerId=$PROVIDER_ID.

Adding new QoS parameters and removing existing ones can be done using the Modify Storage Details operation in Onepanel.
See more in REST API examples.

QoS expression

QoS expressions are a declarative way of specifying desired storage parameters in a unified format.

Operands in expression must be in form key=value. One exception from this is operand anyStorage. Operands can be combined with the use of one of supported operators:

  • & - results in storages that match expressions on both sides of this operator
  • | - results in storages that match at least one expression on both sides of this operator
  • - - results in storages that match expression on left side of this operator and do not match expression on the right side of operator

Example QoS expressions:

  • geo=PL - any storages in Poland
  • geo=PL & type=disk - disk storages located in Poland
  • geo=PL | type=disk - storages located in Poland or disk storages anywhere
  • anyStorage - type=disk - any storages that are not of disk type

Operands and nesting can be used to combine simple expressions into complex ones, e.g:

  • geo=FR | (geo=PL & type=disk) - any storages in France or disk storages located in Poland
  • (geo=PL - type=disk) | (geo=FR & type=disk) - storages in Poland that are not of disk type or storages in France that are of disk type

QoS requirements

QoS requirement consists of a Qos expression and a desired number of replicas. It can be added for a single file or a whole directory (in such case all nested subfiles and subdirectories are affected). The QoS expression is used to select matching storages where the replicas will be placed - until the specified target number of replicas is satisfied. The replicas are automatically managed ‐ protected from eviction and reconciled upon changes to the file content.

Fulfillment of a QoS requirement is indicated by its status:

  • impossible - there are not enough storages matching the expression to meet the required number of replicas, hence the requirement cannot be satisfied - unless the list of supporting storages or their parameters change.
  • fulfilled - desired number of replicas have been created on matching storages and their contents are up-to-date (remote changes have been reconciled).
  • pending - the requirement is not yet fulfilled - data replication is still ongoing.

Using web GUI

Quality of Service can be managed in the web GUI. Look for the Quality of Service in the file/directory's context menu.


Below are some examples how the REST API can be used to manage QoS requirements. For detailed documentation of all endpoints, please refer to the API documentation.

Below examples assume that the following envs are exported:

# or
PANEL_API="https://<oneprovider-domain>:9443/api/v3/onepanel"  # if you have access to the onepanel's emergency interface
AUTH_HEADER="x-auth-token: <your-access-token>"
CT="content-type: application/json"

API for space users

These endpoints can be used by a space member with manage QoS privileges to manage desired requirements.

Adding new QoS requirement

Prepare the ID of the file/directory to which you want to add your QoS requirement. It can be found in the file browser GUI (Information in file/directory's context menu) or using the lookup file id endpoint:

curl -H "${AUTH_HEADER}" -X POST {$REST_API}/lookup-file-id/test-space/directory/file.txt

Assuming that the file id is stored in $FILE_ID, you can add a QoS requirement:

curl -H "${AUTH_HEADER}" -H "${CT}" -X POST {$REST_API}/qos_requirement/ -d '{
"expression": "geo=FR | (geo=PL & type=disk)", 
"replicasNum": 2, 
"fileId": "$FILE_ID"

In response you will receive id of your newly created QoS requirement:

    "qosRequirementId": "c4bb03e7ae90d9886cbb68e6a08312c7ch08f5"

Getting QoS requirement details

Getting details of a QoS requirement can be achieved with querying following endpoint:

curl -H "${AUTH_HEADER}" -X GET {$REST_API}/qos_requirement/$QOS_REQ_ID
  "status": "pending",
  "replicasNum": 2,
  "qosRequirementId": "c4bb03e7ae90d9886cbb68e6a08312c7ch08f5",
  "fileId": "000000000052732467756964236431303233303132616362346233373463306263626339666535303630343135636861356536236334613030626466613534643064636666656335633430313039633762663635636861356536",
  "expression": "geo=FR|(geo=PL&type=disk)"

Deleting QoS requirement

QoS requirement can be deleted like this:

curl -H "${AUTH_HEADER}" -X DELETE {$REST_API}/qos_requirement/$QOS_REQ_ID

QoS summary for a file

QoS summary contains information of all requirements (added directly or to any ancestor directory) for given file.

curl -H "${AUTH_HEADER}" -X GET {$REST_API}/data/$FILE_ID/qos_summary
  "requirements": {
    "c4bb03e7ae90d9886cbb68e6a08312c7ch08f5": "pending",
    "a77d55692d4b0216ceccc4b83e47cca3ch08f5": "fulfilled"
  "status": "pending"

Response fields are explained here.

API for Oneprovider admins

Below are some examples for Oneprovider administrators concerning management of storage QoS parameters with the use of REST API.

Listing QoS parameters

In below example $STORAGE_ID is the id of your storage.

curl -H "${AUTH_HEADER}" -X GET {$PANEL_API}/provider/storages/$STORAGE_ID
    "qosParameters": {
      "storageId": "b1b9174674b951305831d55b42c6ae22ch975f",
      "providerId": "7b052ee78cb4fa0263d3bebeab1da7f3ch255b",
      "geo": "PL",
      "type": "disk"

Modifying QoS parameters

Adding new parameters, removing and modifying existing ones is done with the use of the same REST endpoint. Submitted QoS parameters overwrite previous ones.
In below example (assuming that QoS parameters before modifications are as in previous example) parameter geo is removed, value of parameter type is changed and new parameter new_key is added.

curl -H "${AUTH_HEADER}" -H "${CT}" -X PATCH {$PANEL_API}/provider/storages/$STORAGE_ID -d '{
    "$STORAGE_NAME": {
        "type": "$STORAGE_TYPE", 
        "qosParameters": {
            "type": "modified_type"
            "new_key": "new_value"

NOTE: storageId and providerId parameters cannot be removed or modified.